The scope of geology covers a rather wide spectrum in conjunction with other fundamental and applied scientific disciplines such as Physics, Chemistry, Botany, Zoology, Geography and Planetary and Atmospheric sciences.

With time, new frontiers of advanced subjects like Geophysics, Geochemistry, Geobotany, Bio-geology, Environmental geology, Astro-geology have also come up. Even with a subject like political science, it has a link forming an interdisciplinary subject called ‘Geo-politics’.

In anthropological and archaeological disciplines, geology enters as a subject to deal with the socio-physical aspects of human race and the stone & metallic implements used during different lithic (Paleolithic, Mesolithic, Neolithic) and later ages.

This subject also enters to the remote discipline of ancient history. An important sub-discipline of geology is ‘Economic Geology’ – an applied branch which is directly linked with the study of the vast kingdom of metallic and nonmetallic economic minerals including the industrial minerals and rocks. Economic geology plays a vital role in boosting the developmental growth and industrial strength of the nations and their people.