It is a fact of experience that no two schools can be identical in their needs and requirements. Hence every school will have to prepare an institutional plan for itself independently. An ideal school plan will have the following characteristics.

(1) It should be need based. It should be prepared according to the needs of the institution and not on the basis of grants sanctioned.

(2) It. should aim at the maximum use of the available human and material resources.

(3) It should be a ‘plan of work’ and not a character of demands. In other words, it must aim at utilizing what is available and not demanding what is not available and/or is available to more fortunate schools.


(4) It should limit itself to the total improvement of the school and should not suggest work for the district educational authorities or demand funds from the directorate of education for its implementation.

(5) If, at all, it needs more finances, the same should be available from the local community which must be a partly to the preparation of the school plan.

(6) It should be based on certain ‘predetermined objectives’ and goals and all acclivities planned should help directly or indirectly lo achieve these ends.

(7) The plan should have well-defined and finely classified activities for the school improvement and school development.


(8) II should be flexible in nature so that at various stages of its implementation changes may be affected according to needs and require­ments. How-so-ever brilliantly a plan maybe prepared, there can be some unforeseen circumstances which may, later on, force an amendment.

(9) It should only further the cause of education-its quality and quantity and should not criticize and condemn the approach of the district authorities or the directorate of education.

(10) It should be in consonance with the district educational plan and should, in no case, run contrary to it.

(11) It should be neither too ambitious to be implemented nor too modest to make any appreciable improvement. It should, therefore, be a working plan based on the capacity of teachers, the needs of the pupils and the local community.


(12) It should clearly indicate the time limit for its implementation. It can be a short term one or a long term one depending upon the circumstances and needs of the school.

(13) It should have a plan of evaluation also, so that the result of the efforts could be evaluated after some intervals, say every year.

(14) It should have a balanced approach so that it may not be tilting towards academics or out of class activities alone. The principal has to play a very important role as a coordinator.