It is one of the oldest artificial ports of the country. It is ranked next to Mumbai in terms of volume of trade and cargo.
It is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port. This port was originally conceived as an outlet for iron ore exports.
(iii) Paradip Port:
It is located in Odisha and specialises in the export of iron ore.
It is an inland riverine port. This port serves a very large and rich hinterland of Ganga-Brahmputra basin. Being a tidal port, it requires constant dredging of Hoogly.
(v) Haldia Port:
It was developed as a subsidiary port, in order to relieve growing pressure on the Kolkata port.