Short Notes on Sex Ratio of India Between 1901 and 2001

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Short Notes on Sex Ratio of India Between 1901 and 2001

Sex ratio is defined as the number of females per 1000 males in the population. This information is an important social indicator to measure the extent of quality between males and females in the society at a given time. The sex ratio in the country has always remained unfavourable to females.

It shows the sex ratio from 1901-2001.

Sex Ratio (1901-2001)

Census

Sex Ratio

Year

(Females per 1000 males)

1901

972

1911

964

1921

955

1931

950

1941

945

1951

946

1961

941

197J.

930

1981

934

1991

929

2001

933

i. Sex ratio has constantly declining during the period of 1901 and 1941. It declined from 972 in 1901 to 945 in 1941.

ii. During the decade of 1941-1951 there was a slight increase from 945 to 946 females per thousand of males. It was due to the fact that after independence an awakening came into being in respect of the lot of women in India.

iii. Again it began declining (except in 1981 when it increased from 930 to 934) and reached 929 in 1991.

iv. During the decade of 1991-2001 the Sex Ratio increased from 929 to 933. It is an encouraging sign.

It reveals that the increase in Sex Ratio is due to the following reasons:

i. Education among females is increasing.

ii. They are now more health conscious.

iii. Child marriage rate among females has come down and also mortality rate among females has come down.

iv. Females are spreading two child norm.

v. There is ban on female foeticide.

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