Notes on Age Composition of India’s Population
i. Age composition of a population is the number of people in different age groups in a country.
ii. It is one of the most basic characteristics of a population.
a. A person’s age influence what he needs, buys, does, and thinks.
b. Numbers and percentage of a population within the children (young) adult (middle aged) and the aged (old) groups determine population’s social and economic structure.
iii. According to age composition population of a nation is grouped into three broad groups:
Children (0-14 years):
a. They are economically unproductive.
b. They need food, clothing, education and medical care.
Adults (15-59 years):
a. They are economically productive.
b. They are biologically reproductive.
c. They comprise the working population.
Aged (60 years and above):
a. They are mostly economically unproductive but some of them are still economically productive.
b. They need medical care.
High percentage of children affects the dependency ratio. Children are not producers; they depend upon working population for their sustenance.