The number of people directed or managed effectively by a single executive is called span of control or management. While determining the number of persons that one executive can manage depends on the following factors:
(a) The skill and the capacity of the executive.
(b) The skill and the capacity of the subordinates.
(c) The operational stability because a dynamic situation require closer control and co-ordination.
(d) Types of operation because a specialised mass production factory requires a lesser span.
(a) The extent to which management activities are distinguished from operational activities.