The following distinct differ­ences are marked in monocot stem

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(i) The hypodermis is sclerenchymatous and sometimes with sclerenchyma patches or embedded vascular bundles in the hypodermis.

(ii) There is no distinc­tion into general cor­tex, endodermis, peri­cycle and stelar re­gion. The whole mass of tissue constitutes the ground tissue.

(iii) The vascular bundles are scattered and more towards periphery than the centre

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(iv) Each vascular bundle is closed one due to lack of cambium.

(v) The vascular bundle has either a sclerenchymatous bundle sheath or bundle cap.

(vi) Phloem parenchyma is absent.

(vii) Pith is absent.

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