Give Some Examples of Opportunistic Infections and Cancers

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The table below shows examples of common opportunistic infections and cancers and the body systems that they occur in.

System

Examples of Infection/Cancer

Respiratory system

Pneumocystis jirovecii Pneumonia (PCP) Tuberculosis (TB) Kaposi’s Sarcoma (KS)

Gastro-intestinal system

Cryptosporidiosis Candida

Cytomegolavirus (CMV)

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Isosporiasis

Kaposi’s Sarcoma

Central/ peripheral Nervous system

Cytomegolavirus

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Toxoplasmosis

Cryptococcosis

Non Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Varicella Zoster

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Herpes simplex

Skin

Herpes simplex Kaposi’s sarcoma Varicella Zoster

Most AIDS-associated conditions are rarely serious in healthy individuals. In people with AIDS, however, these infections are often severe and sometimes fatal because the immune system is so damaged by HIV that the body cannot fight them off.

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