The plights of Indian mass which allured his attention during his travel all over India in 1888, prompted him to bring reforms in this country through religion. In 1893 at the Parliament of Religions at Chicago, he established the superiority of Hinduism over all religions by projecting the accommodative aptitude of this religion.
He wanted to free Hindu religion from the narrow circumference of dogmas. He gave his practical look to the religion. His idea on religion was a novel blending of humanism and spiritual idealism. He told that the workshop, school, farmyard were as much the meeting points of god as the Temple, Mosque and Church. To him, the service of man is the worship of god. In his words, it is mockery to offer religion to a starving man. He was a DaVita Vedanta’s and believed in the monistic concept of god.
Vivekananda was a great nationalist and patriot. He wanted to make India free and progressive. This ‘patriot monk’ told that India needed “muscles of iron and nerves of steel”. He inspired the youth of our country to arise, awake and stop not till the goal is reached. He wanted to unite the country and raise it to a position, where there was no scope of religious bigotry, sectarianism and fanaticism.
Human freedom was another point upon which Vivekananda put emphasis. According to him, one must have every liberty in food, dress, marriage and every other thing so long as he does not injure others. He told that integral freedom, physical freedom, mental freedom and spiritual freedom had been the watchwords of the Upanishads. He pointed out that liberty gained by the Americans after their war of independence should be the goal of every nation.
Vivekananda told that inequality is a curse upon mankind and a source of all bondage – physical, mental and spiritual. One should shatter this bondage. He emphasized that equality was necessary not only in the spiritual field but also in the material field. It was important for the house-holder as it was for the Sansei.
Vivekananda was a secularist. He projected the concept of religious toleration as reflected in the Hindu religion. He told that society should not come on the way of religious reform and vice versa. He stood for the complete separation between religion and social laws. He told ‘first bread and then religion’. The poor cannot be compelled in their social matters by the laws of religion.
Out and out as a socialist, Vivekananda viewed that unlike the western man, the Hindu is a socialist. In his socialistic outlook, the poor, the miserable and the weak were his gods and they ought to be worshipped first. In his words: “I am a socialist not because I think it is a perfect system, but because half a loaf is better than no bread.”
For fulfilling the desire of his teacher, Vivekananda organized the Ramakrishna Mission and established the Blur Math in Calcutta; it became one of the greatest philanthropic associations in rendering service to the poor, destitute and people who came under the grip of natural calamities all over the World.