A committed patriot from Bengal, Barindrakumar Ghosh was influenced by the revolutionary philosophy of Aurobindo Ghosh. He assisted Aurobindo in various patriotic ventures, especially during the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal. He was one of the founders of a secret organisation, known as the Anushilan Samiti in Calcutta in 1902.
In April 1906, Barindrakumar helped in starting the Yugantarweekly which spread revolutionary ideas among the radical youth. In 1908 he was arrested along with 34 other revolutionaries. He was awarded a death sentence, which was later commuted to life imprisonment. After being released in 1919, he associated himself with The Statesman and Basumati.