This is the main component of Ambedkar’s theory of distributive justice. He argued for the construction of an ideology opposed in fundamental respects to the traditional ideology of Varna. This is autonomous ideology.

The central problem, for him, in this regard was the formulation of a counter-ideology which can bring about radical social change; he was concerned to fight for a new society based on equal concern for all. This is evident from his critique of the Hindu community on the following basis: (1) the community as unequal; (2) the community as based on segregation both territorial and ideological; (3) the closed nature of the community; and (4) the distinction between the public and private sphere.