According to Hans Kelsen, “Recognition of a state is an act by which another state acknowledges that the political entity recognized, possesses the attribute of statehood.
Kelsen states that the community to be recognised as an international person must fulfill the following conditions:
(a) The community should be a politically organised one.
(b) Control of the community over a definite territory is essential.
(c) Control of the community over a definite territory is not enough; this definite control must tend towards permanence.
(d) The community thus constituted must be independent.”