In simple words, malnutrition is opposite to nutrition. As seen in the preceding section, balanced diet is considered to be nutritious but both the terms are not interchangeable, are not synonymous. Nutrition is a far more inclusive term than balanced diet; in fact, balanced diet is just a part of nutrition which has a wider concept.
By nutrition we mean the development of body and its activities which are created by balanced food and regulated life. British EducationBoard describes it as “the development of the human body and the complete activeness of parts of body.” It may, therefore be concluded that nutrition has two elements comprising it,
1. Balanced Diet.
2. Regulated life.
No amount of good and nourishing food may have the desired effect if a person indulges in excesses, has no set routine of work, rest and exercise, in fact, has no regularity in life, and may, therefore, have stunted growth, and diminishing efficiency.
This gradual state of erosion may be called malnutrition which is a condition of body in which the development is stunted and body parts become lethargic due to lack of balanced diet and regulated life, manifesting itself in a number of physical deficiencies.
1. Lack of fat in body.
2. Frequent feeling of fatigue.
3. Looseness in muscles.
6. Cold & Cough.
7. Feeling of uneasiness and fear.
8. Loss of sleep.
9. Use of wrong posture.
10. Easy prey to infectious diseases.
11. Brittleness or yellowish ness in spin.
12. Stunted growth.
13. Lack of concentration in classroom.
14. Feeling of continuous worry.