Federal Government

1. Powers are distributed between the centre and the units.

2. Both the centre and the units have separate government.

3. It must have a written and rigid constitution.


4. A special federal judiciary should be there to interpret the constitution.


1. It is inefficient because of diversity of law and administration.

2. There is always a tug-of- war between national and local interests.


3. It is highly expensive.


l.It is suitable for countries having a diversity of race, religion and language.

2. Local needs are met with effectively.


3. Responsibilities of the central government are lessened.

4. People get training in the art of self-government.

5. Small states can have dignity and be safe from foreign ag­gression.