It is observed that literacy, education and employment are the most important indications of social mobility among the scheduled castes, and the phenomenon of violence is closely related to social mobility.

These upwardly mobile SC have reacted sharply against their exploitation and suppression, and hence they become the target of upper caste fury.

Apart from prejudice among the upper castes against the SC, the rivalry is now between the well-off scheduled castes and the caste Hindus entrenched in or aspiring to lucrative jobs, positions of power and high status. As such, there is a class war behind the apparent caste riots.