Demerits of Division of Labour
The demerits of division of labours are the following.
Doing the same work over and again without any change produced-mental fatigue. Work becomes joyless and monotonous. There is no pleasure in the job. The worker cannot be expected to take any interest. The quality of work suffers.
(ii) Kills the creative instinct
Since many men contribute to the making of an article, none can say that he has made it. His creative instinct is not satisfied, The work gives him no pride and no pleasure, since no worker can claim the product as his own creation.
(iii) Loss of skill
The worker deteriorates in the technical skill. Instead the making of whole article, he is required just to repeat a few simple movements. The skill gradually dies out.
(iv) Check mobility
The worker- is doing only a part of the job. He knows only that much and no more. It may not be easy for him to find exactly the job elsewhere, if he desires a change. (In this way, the workers losses his mobility)
(v) Risk of unemployment
If the worker is dismissed from one factory he may have to Search far and wide before he secures. a job in which he has specialised. He may be making only the legs of a chair. It is doubtful if he can get the complete chair. His chance of getting a job elsewhere would be brighter.
(vi) Check development of personality
If a man has been making an eighteenth part of a pin he becomes a eighteenth part of a man. A narrow sphere of work checks proper physical and mental development of the worker.
(vii) Loss of sense or responsibility
Non can be held responsible for bad production because none makes the complete article. When the thing is bad, everybody tries to shift the responsibility to somebody else.
(viii) Evils of factory system
Division of labour gives rise to factory system which is full of evils. It spoils the beauty of the place all round, leads to exploitation of women and children and removes the personal factor in the production and management.
(ix) Problem of distribution
Under division of labour, many persons contribute .to the production of an article. They must receive a due share of the product and it is not easy to determine this share. Thus the problem of distribution is made difficult. If one worker makes the article independently he gets its value and there is no trouble.
But division of labour had divided the community into two conflicting groups, i.e. capital and labour. The gap between them is daily growing wider strikes and lock out have become a common occurrence in the present day. –
The dependence of one country upon another which is necessary consequence of division of labour, proves dangerous in times of war.