The principles of NAM are as follows :
1- Mutual respect for each other’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.
2. Mutual non-aggression.
3. Mutual non-interference in each other’s affairs.
4. Equality and mutual benefit.
5. Peaceful co-existence.
These principles are also known as “Panchsheel” and are basic guidelines for the functioning of the NAM.
The first NAM conference was held at Belgrade (Yugoslav) Sept. 1961 in which 25 countries participated. The NAM confer
was held in New Delhi in India in’1983 for the first time. conference was held in Kualalampur (Malaysia) in 2003. The total of countries of the NAM is 112.
South asian association for regional co-operation (saarc)
The idea of South Asian Association for Regional Co-operatic- (SAARC) was first mooted by the President of Bangladesh Zia Rahman in 1979.
This organisation was formed on 8th Dec, 1985.
First SAARC Summit was held in Dacca in 1985.
It is an organisation of seven Asian nations. Member countries are-India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives.
The Permanent Secretariat of the SAARC was opened a! Kathmandu (Nepal) in 1987.
Mr. Abul Ahsan was the first Secretary General of this orgnisation India hosted the second SAARC summit at New Delhi in 1986 10th SAARC summit was held in Sri Lanka in 1998. 11th SAARC Summit was held in Kathmandu in 2001.
12th SAARC summit was held in Islamabad 2004. ‘
13th SAARC summit will be held in Islamabad (Pakistan) 2006.
Association of south East Asian nations (Asean):
ASEAN was established in 1967. The purpose of this organisation was to accelerate economic progress in the south-east Asia The headquarters of ASEAN is situate at Jakarta, Indonesia Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunel Vietnam, Laos, Maynmar, Combodia are the member countries of this organisation.
The ASEAN summit takes place at every three years.
G-15 was established in 1989 at Belgrade for the purpose furthering the process of south-south cooperation and consolation.