Area: 647,497 sq. km.
Geographical Boundaries: Afghanistan is bounded in the north by Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan, east by China, east and south by Pakistan and west by Iran.
Population Groups: The main group is the Pathans. Other groups include Tajiks, Hazaras, Turkmens and Uzbeks.
Religion: The predominant religion is Islam.
Language: Pakhto (Pushtu), Dari, Persian.