This sense of self-satisfaction or complacency resulted from the immense strides that England taken in the industrial and scientific fields.
The nation was prospering and growing richer and richer every day. Wealth brought with it many evils, like snobbery and social climbing. Money values prevailed, and as a result of increased materialism of the age, art and culture suffers. The British empire was already a reality ; the white man’s burden ; or the colonizing mission of the English, was already bringing in rich dividends. They attributed all this prosperity to their glorious and dominant Queen Victoria. It was an era of prosperity, an era of aggressive nationalism, an era of rising imperialism.