1.These are in great demand because they are cheaper, more durable, stronger and of greater variety.

2. Synthetic fibres are of two types: Cellulose (rayon and acetate) and non-cellulose (nylon and polyester).

3. Raw materials from which they are made: Rayon – wood pulp

Nylon – coal


Terylene – oil

4. Basic raw materials for producing synthetic fibres are:

(a) Caustic soda

(b) Sodium sulphate


(c) Sulphuric acid.

5. Main areas of production are:

Nylon – Kerala, Rajasthan, Andhra Pradesh

Rayon – Ahmedabad, Surat, Amritsar.