The principal objectives of tabulation are stated below:

(i) To make complex data simple:

When data are arranged systematically in a table, such data become more meaningful and can be easily understood.

(ii) To facilitate comparison:


When different data sets are presented in tables it becomes possible to compare them.

(iii) To economise space:

A statistical table furnishes maximum information relating to the study in minimum space.

(iv) To make data fit for analysis and interpretation:


Tabulation serves as a link between the collection of data on the one hand and analysis of such data on the other. In other words, after tabulating the data, it becomes possible to find out their averages, dispersion and correlation. Such statistical measures are necessary for their interpretation.

(v) To provide reference:

A statistical table can be used as a source of reference for other studies of similar nature.