How would you differentiate between the passage of a Constitution Amendment Bill and of an Ordinary Legislative Bill?


A Bill other than Money Bill and Financial Bill may be introduced in either house of the parliament Article 107(i), and required passage in both the Houses before it can be presented for President’s assent. A Bill may be introduced either by a minister or by a private member. A Money Bill can be introduced only in the Lok Sabha and only on the recommendation of the president, there is no provision of joint sitting of both the houses as provided in article 108, in the case of Money Bills.

A Bill seeking to amend the constitution can be initiated only by the introduction of a Bill in either house of parliament so that the initiative in the matters of constitutional amendment has been exclusively reserved for parliament. The constitution provides for three types of procedure for Amendment – Amendment by simple majority, Amend by Special majority and Amendment by Special majority and ratification by state.

Constitution Amendment Bills may be initiated in either house and may be amended like other ordinary Bills, subject to the majority required by Art.368. But for the special majority, they must be passed by both the Houses like any other Bill. The previous sanction of the president is not required for introducing any Bill in parliament for amendment of the constitution. The requirement relating to ratification by the state legislatures in more liberal. Under our constitution, ratification requires only not less than one-half of the state.

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