In conclusion, to take the wind out of the sails of the syndicalist philosophy, it must be said that a general strike is unnecessary because a general election is never far off. The First World War and post-war conditions brought about a great change in the syndicalist theory in France.

Jonhaux, Perrot and Maxime Leray are advocates of the new school of thought, “New Syndicalism” is a philoso­phy of coordination and co-operation of all interests concerned directly and indirectly in the act of production and consumption.

Thus new syndicalists substitute a positive and comprehensive policy for the negative and destructive tactics of the older syndicalists. They propose a cooperative control of industry where producers, consumers and the public should have equal representation in the management. Thus capi­talism would be displaced not by sabotage and violence but by revolution of institutions and better management of production.

According to them, the state would supervise and cooperate with the unions. One agency of the state would preserve law and order and administer justice and the other will carry out the supervisory economic and cultural functions. The state would guide and enlighten rather than restrain and dictate.