Annual, biennial, herb, shrub or tree.
Tap root system branched.
Erect, branched, cylindrical, usually, mucilaginous.
Stipulate, alternate, simple, petiolate, entire or lobed, reticulate venation.
Solitary, axillary or terminal bacemose or helicoid cyme.
Bracteate or ebractate, hermaphrodite, complete, hypogynous, actinomorphic, pentamerous.
Sepals 5, basically connate or polysepalous, valvate aestivation, usually epicalyx present.
Petals 5, polypetulous but basically fused with staminal tube, twisted or imbricate aestivation, showy.
Numerous stamens, monadelphous, filaments fused to form a staminal tube, adnate to basal part of petals, epipetalous, anther lobes unilocular (monothecous), basifixed.
3-00 carpels, syncarpous, multilocular, ovary superior, axile placentation, each locule has 1 – 00 ovules, style single & simple, stigma multilobed.
(A) Plants used as food:
(1) Gossypium sp.:
The oil extracted from its seeds is used in preparing vegetable ghee Residual part of seed is used as cake for cattle.
(2) Hibiscus esculentus (Bhindi):
Fruits are used as vegetables.
(B) Plants used in medicine:
(1) Urena rependa:
Juice extracted from roots and bark is used in hydrophobia.
(2) Abutilon indicum:
Root, stem, leaves and seeds are used in preparing certain ayurvedic medicines.
(C) Fibre yielding plants:
(1) Gossypium sp:
Fibres of seed coat are used in textile industry. Important species of cotton are G. arboreum, G. herbaceum and G. barbadense.
(2) Hibiscus cannabinus:
Madras hemp, H. mutabilis and H. sabdariffa are used in rope industry. Firbre obtained frftm Urena lobata is used in preparing bags.