Sometimes it is said that all students do not stand in need of guidance and counseling, and that it is only in the case of deviates that something needs to be done in order to put them on the right path. It is a common experience of teachers and others who have to deal with youngsters that the so called ‘trouble maker’ has troubles of his own and that he is suffering from mental and emotional unrest. ‘

Children and youth who behave abnor­mally on whose reactions to any given situation do not conform to a set, expected, and acceptable pattern are generally found either to be physically, mentally or emotionally handicapped or to be extra-ordinarily gifted with academic, social mechanical or creative talent.

As such, they stand out sharply from other children. In case they are ignored or they are given the feeling that they are not attended to properly, they are likely to disturb the normal class routine. It is these students who in fact demand excessive attention and time from their teachers and class-mates.

This has created the misconception that only the deviates need help and guidance and that there is no need to bother about the normal students who would grow up to their own accord without any external help or guidance.


But the aim of guidance and counseling is to give each student an equal opportunity to perfect by the best education that can be provided. In view of this, all students need guidance. Even the children who are considered as normal differ in their capacities physical, mental and emotional, in their interest, readiness and motivation to learn, in their personal problems and in their dreams and aspirations. They would, therefore, need to the observed and studied in different situations and guided accordingly.