Cropping patterns are forms in which agricultural crops are raised. In India the following cropping patterns are prevalent:
Uni cropping pattern: It is a method of raising agricultural crops in which only one crop is raised on an agricultural field at one time.
Example: Tea, Coffee, Sugarcane, Maize etc.
Double Cropping Pattern: In the dual cropping pattern two crops are raised on a farm at a time.
Example: Barley, mustard, wheat; jowar, bajra, ground nut.
In the double cropping and multiple cropping patterns it is kept in mind that crops are combined in such a way that soil nutrients removed by one crop are replaced by other crop.