There are three species of Crocodiles in India, (i) salt water or estuarine crocodile (Crocodylus porpsus), (ii) freshwater, swamp crocodile or mugger (C. plaustris) and (iii) gharial (Gavialis gangeticus).
The population of crocodiles declined due to illegal poaching as the skin is in great demand. In order to preserve the crocodiles the sale of the skin is legally banned. Several sanctuaries have been established. These include Krishna Sanctuary in Andhrapradesh, and chambal sanctuary including areas from U.P., M.P. and Rajasthan.
This scheme to protect the rare one horned Rhino of Assam was started in the year 1987.
Snow Leopard Project:
This project has been started to conserve the habitat of snow leopards throughout Himalayas.