Some important Multiple Choice Question on the Mughal Empire


1. The Arab conquest of Sind took place in-

(a) 712 AD (b) 740 AD

(c) 1001 AD (d) 1009 AD


2. Which of the following rulers belonged to Slave dynasty?

(a) Iltutmish (b) Humayun

(c) Akbar (d) Ahmad Shah Abdali

3. The founder of the first Afghan rule in India was-


(a) Ibrahim Lodi (b) Bahlol Lodi

(c) Sikandar Lodi (d) Shershah Suri

4. Who among the following was the ruler of Chittor, when Alauddin Khilji attacked and conquered it in 1303 AD ?

(a) Rana Sanga (b) Rana Kumbha


(c) Rana Ratan Singh (d) Rana Hammir

5. The Sultan who called himself Naib-e-Khuda or the deputy of God was –

(a) Iltutmish (b) Alauddin Khilji

(c) Balban (d) Ghyasuddin Tughlaq


6. The first Muslim ruler to formulate the theory of kingship similar to the theory of divine right of kings was-

(a) Qutubuddin Aibak (b) Alauddin Khilji

(c) Iltutmish (d) Balban

7. The extent of the Delhi Sultanate empire was the greatest during the reign of-


(a) Alauddin Khilji (b) Iltutmish

(c) Balban (d) Mohammad Bin Tughlaq

8. Market control was first introduced in. medieval India by-

(a)Ghyasuddin Balban (b) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

(c) Iltutmish (d) Alauddin Khilji

9. Alauddin Khilji introduced market reforms-

(a) To administer his- subjects well (b) To ease the peasants living

(c) To maintain a large army economically (d) To remove mediators

10. Balban’s greatest achievement was-

(a) Curbing of the powers of the nobles (b) establishment of peace and security

(c) defence against ‘the Mongols (d) suppression of revolts

11. Token currency was introduced for the first time in India by-

(a) Alauddin Khilji (b) Firoz Shah Tughlaq

(c) Ghyasuddin Tughlaq (d) Mohammad Bin Tughlaq

12. Which of the following rulers in India challanged the authority of the Ulemas or Muslim clergy ?

(a) Alauddin Khilji (b) Balban

(c) Mohammad Bin Tughlaq (d) Shershah

13. Delhi Sultanate was a-

(a) Democracy (b) Bureaucracy

(c) Theocracy (d) None of these

14. Mohammad Bin Tughlaq changed his capital from Delhi to Devagiri because he wanted to-

(a) improve trade in the Deccan (b) Spread Islam

(c) punish the people of Delhi (d) escape from the Mongol invasion

15. Who was assigned the first Iqta in India by Mohamed Ghauri ?

(a) Iltutmish (b) Qutubuddin Aibak

(c) . ajuddin Yalduz (d) Nasiruddin Qubacha

16. Under which Sultan, Khalisa land increased considerably?

(a) Balban (b) Alauddin Khilji

(c) Firoiz Shah Tughlaq (d) Mohammad Bin Tug

17. During whose reign did the Mongols first invade India?

(a) Alauddin Khilji (b) Balban

(c) Iltutmish (d) Jalaluddin Firoz

18. Which of the following was the major source of Income in medieval north India ?

(a) Jazia (b) Kharaj

(c) Zakat (d) Tarkat

19. Which of the following Sultans established deplomatic relation with China ?

(a) Ibrahim Lodi (b) Jalaluddin Khilji

(c) Balban (d) Mohammad Bin Tugti

20. Which of the following was a saint of the Bhakti movement in Bengal?

(a) Kabir (bi Tulsidas

(c) Vivekanand (d) Chait

21. The saint from Gujarat vho preached non-sectarian in medieval times was-

(a) Dadu (b) Raghunandan

(c) Tukaram (d) Ramana

22. Who was the most popular Sufi ?

(a) Rabia (b) Hajjaj

(c) Ghazali (d) None of these

23. To which did the famous saint of Bihar Makhdum Sarfuddin Yahiya Maneri belong ? (PCS’9

(a) Chisti (b) Kubrawi

(c) Suhrawardi (d) Firda

24. The earliest seeds of the Bhakti movement in India found in-

(a) the Vedas (b) Buddhist philosophy

(c) Sufi philosophy (d) Jain philosophy

25. Who amongst the following was a blind poet who worshipped Krishna and spread Krishna Bhakti cult

(a) Kabir (b) Surdas

(c) Bihari (d) Raskh

26. Ramanuja preached-

(a) Dwaitya ‘ (b) Ahimsa

(c) Bhakti (d) Gnana Marga

27. ‘Vaanis’ were the hymns and poems composed by-

(a) Kabir (b) Raskhan

(c) Dadu (d) Guru Nanak

28. The Mansabdari system introduced by Akbar, was borrowed from the system in-

(a) Turkey (b) Persia

(c) Afghanistan (d) Mongolia

29. Which of the’following ports was the biggest port during the Mughal period ? (Central Exise ’91)

(a) Hoogly (b) Chittagong

(c) Balasore (d) Surat

30. During the Mughal period, under the Zabti system, land revenue was assessed and was required to be paid-

(a) in cash or kind (b) only in cash

(c) only in kind (d) by the Zamindar on the behalf of the peasants

31. Who consolidated the Mughal empire and gave it a unique multi-religious culture ?

(a) Akbar (b) Humayun

(c) Jahangir (d) Aurangzeb

32. In 1662 AD, Mir Jumla the Mughal Viceroy of Bengal led a successful expedition to-

(a) Assam (b) Tibet

(c) Orissa (d) Avadh

33. The East India Company was founded in India during the reign of-

(a) Akbar (b) Jahangir

(c) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

34. When Akbar was young, his guardian was-

(a) Hemu (b) Faizi

(c) Abul Fazal (d) Bairam Khan

35. The Sikh Guru who fought the Mughal was-

(a) Guru Nanak (b) Guru Arjun Dev

(c) Guru Gobind Singh (d) Guru Tegh Bahadur

36. The court language of Mughals was-

(a) Arabic (b) Persian

(c) Urdu (d) Hindi

37. The bitterest war of succession under the great Mughals was fought among the sons of-

(a) Babur (b) Jahangir

(c) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

38. Babur won the battle of Panipat mainly because o f-

(a) his cavalry (b) his military skill

(c) Tulughma system (c) Afghan’s disunity

39. During the Mughal period, the incharge of law and order in the villages was-

(a) Muqaddam (b) Patwari

(c) Karkun (d) Quanung0

40. The c ital of the Mughal empire was shifted from Agra to Delhi by-

(a) Jahangir (b) Aurangzeb

(c) Humayun (d) Shahjahan

41. The Do-aspah Seh-aspah system was introduced by-

(a) Akbar (b) Jahangir

(c) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

42. Akbar’s land revenue system was known as-

(a) Bandobast system (b) Zabti system

(c) Todarmal’s revenue system (d) All of these

43. Akbar assumed actual control over the administration of his empire in-

(a) 1556 (b) 1562

(c) 1558 (d) 1560

44. Which Mughal emperor gave land for the construction of Golden Temple at Amritsar ? (a) Akbar (b) Jahangir

(c) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

45. Babur entered India for the first time from the west through-

(a) Kashmir (b) Sindh

(c) Punjab (d) Rajasthan

46. In the Mughal administration, military recruitment was being looked after by-

(a) Diwan (b) Wazir

(c) Bakhshi (d) Kotwal

47. Which of the following Rajput dynasties did not surrender to Akbar ? (NDA ’90)

(a) Parmar (b) Pratihara

(c) Rathor (d) Sisodia

48. The bone of contention between the Shah of Persia an( the Mughals was the control of-

(a) Kabul (b) Qandhar

(c) Ghazni (d) Kunduz

49. Shershah’s real name was-

(a) Hemu (b) Faizi

(c) Bahadur (d) Farid

50. Shershah made revenue settlement with-

(a) Mansabdars (b) Cultivators

(c) Zamindars (d) Jagirdars

51. Who among the following Mughal emperors annexed Bijpur and Golkunda to the Mughal empire ?

(a) Jahangir (b) Akbar

(C) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

52. Who was the last Mughal emperor to sit on the peacock throne ?

(a) Bahadur Shah II (b) Mohammad Shah

(c) Shah Alam II (d) Alamgir II

53. The main object of introducing the Mansabdari system was to-

(a) placate the nobility (b) improve the judicial administration

(c) organize the army (d) improve the land revenue system

54 Which of the following Mughal emperors’ tomb is outside ‘ India ?

(a) Jahangir (b) Akbar

(c) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

55. Which of the following forts was not built by Akbar ?

(a) Lahore Fort (b) Allahabad Fort

(c) Gwalior Fort (d) Agra Fort

56. The most famous musician at the court of Akbar was Tansen. His original name was-

(a) Baz Bahadur (b) Makaranda Pande

(c) Lai Kalwant (d) Ramatanu Pande

57. Which art did Jahangir mainly patronise ?

(a) Sculpture (b) Architecture

(c) Music (d) Painting

58. The first Mughal building to have been built entirely of marble is-

(a) Akbar’s Mausoleum (b) Humayun’s Tomb

(c) Itmad-ud-Daula’s Tomb (d) Taj Mahal

59. ‘Biwi Ka Maqbara’ is the tomb of-

(a) Nurjahan (b) Aurangzeb’s wife

(c) Humayun’s sister (d) Mumtaz Mahal

60. The Upnishads were translated into Persian by the order of-

(a) Abdur Rahim Khan-e-Khana (b) Akbar

(c) Abul Fazal (d) Dara Shikoh

61. Tulsi Das Wrote Ramcharitmanas during the reign of-

(a) Akbar (b) Jahangir

(c) Rama Roy (d) Krishnadev Roy

62. Who among the following ladies wrote a historical account during the Mughal period ?

(a) Nurjahan (b) Gulbadan Begam anc

(c) Jahanara Begam (d) Zaibun-Nisa Begam for

63. Bernier visited India during the reign of-

(a) Akbar (b) Jahangir

(c) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

64. The coin ‘Rupia’ was first issued by-

(a) Sher Shah (b) Alauddin Khilji

(c) Akbar (d) Mohammad Bin Tughlaq

65. Among the following whose empire was the largest ?

(a) Akbar (b) Jahangir

(c) Shahjahan (d) Aurangzeb

66. Who among the following was an able administrator for-

(a) Babur (b) Sher Shah

(c) Jahangir (d) Qutubuddin Aibak

67. During whose reign Mewar came to conclude peace treaty with Mughals ?

(a) Akbar (b) Jahangir

(c) Shahjhan (d) Aurangzeb

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