(i) They agree on some policies and programmes for the society with a view to promote the collective good.
(ii) Since there can be different views on what is good for all, parties try to persuade people why their policies are better than others.
(iii) They seek to implement these policies by winning popular support through elections.
(iv) Parties reflect fundamental political divisions in a society.
(v) Parties are a part of society and thus involve partisanship.
(vi) Thus, a party is known by which part it stands for, which policies its supports and whose interests it upholds.