Useful facts on the features, merits and demerits of a Political Party

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Points to Remember

1. A political party is a group of citizens, more or less organized, having agreement on broad principles of national policy. It tries to capture the government through constitutional means.

2. Features of a Political Party :

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(a) It must be organized.

(b) The members of a political party must agree on Kroad principles of its policy.

(c) A political party must be based on national outlook.

(d) A political party should seek to capture the government through peaceful and constitutional means.

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3. Merits :

(a) Political parties formulate public opinion.

(b) They impart education to masses.

(c) They make people public-spirited.

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(d) They are very essential for the success of parliamentary democracy.

(e)A political party in power serves as a link between the people and the government.

(f) They bring about co-ordination in the activities of various organs of the government.

4. Demerits:

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(a) Political parties disrupt unity.

(b) They diffuse public opinion.

(c) They offer opportunity to ambitious type of people.

(d) They curb independent thinking.

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(e) They encourage party interest to be above the interests of the nation.

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