Importance of Leadership in an organisation
Motive power to group efforts:
Management, for getting the work done by others, is to supply leadership in the organisation. As group efforts and teamwork are essential for realizing organisational goals, leadership becomes vital for the execution of work.
Through leadership, managers can influence any group of human beings to adopt a cooperative and wholesome attitude for successful work accomplishment. Leadership pulls up the group to” a higher level of performance through its work on human relations.
Aid to authority:
Managers exercise authority in managing people of the organisation and their task becomes easy wherever they are aided by leadership. There are serious limits to the use of authority and power in obtaining high performance.
Authority alone can never generate the initiative and resourcefulness required in many jobs. But leadership can obtain tangible and improved results of human efforts because of its main reliance on influence. Leadership contains all the essential ingredients of direction for inspiring people and providing the will-to-do for successful work accomplishment.
Emphasis on human performance:
Effective leadership is needed at all levels of management from top-management down to supervisory management. Management is transformed as a social process through leadership action.
It is the social skill of leadership that accomplished objectives by mobilisational and utilisation of people. High performance of working people is the focal point in managerial work. And this high performance can be secured by leadership of supervisory management.
Maladjustment with informal organisation:
If management fails to provide competent leadership, informal leadership will prevail over management in controlling and regulating the behaviour of employees. Being confronted with such a situation, management fails to influence the workers, to improve their performance and to stop employee unrest.
Leadership is the natural accompaniment of all associations of human beings. F or their personal and social contentment, workers are perforce to rely mostly on informal leadership if management cannot effective leadership. Competent leadership can, however, integrate informal organisations with formal organisation and utilise them constructively for achieving company objectives.
Basis for co-operation:
Leadership provides the basis for co-operation in several ways. Good two-way communication, man-to-man personal leadership, use of participation and creation of opportunity for need satisfaction are meant for increasing the understanding between the leader and his subordinates of their mutual viewpoints.
This increased understanding through the reactions of individual personalities promotes favourable feelings and attitudes among them.