4 different Types of Co-ordination in management
George Terry explains the following type of coordination:-
Coordinating within the individual:
This is probably least important from the viewpoint of management. However, the ability of an employee to perform a certain type of work satisfactorily may depend upon his success in coordinating his own efforts.
Individual coordination is prime importance in the performance of many jobs, for example, in that of the overhead crane operator, lathe operator, punch press operator, paper cutter, welder, and typist.
Co-ordination among-Individual of a Group:
Consider a winning football team. At the given signal the ball is passed from centre; and at the same split second, each man on the team begins his individual action on the play one to block his opponent, another to feign to the left, another to run few steps on the right and then straight down the field blocking the defending halfback, another to take the ball and dash through an opening in the opponent’s forward wall. This is co-ordination among individuals of a group.
Co-ordination among Groups of an Enterprise:
This is amplified by the efforts of the personnel department in recruiting-and training new employees for the production and sales departments.
For maximum benefits, the personnel manager must ascertain or be informed by proper sources of the personnel needs of the production department and of the sales department in respect to such things as the number of people, the skills required, the most desired backgrounds of candidates and the time required for the trained employees to be ready for work.
Co-ordination along Enterprises and Forces of World:
Affairs Efforts of an entire enterprise must be in keeping with various forces outside enterprise. These include other enterprises, government regulatory measures, and the status of the national and world economy.