The famous “Victorian-compromise” was criticized and condemned. In the socio political field, Gladstone Liberal pacific’s gave place to commercial imperialism. The Fabian Movement exalted enlightened socialism. Orthodox morality and priggishness associated with typical Victorians were swept away and less restricted sexual code was followed by a number of writers.
The Victorian conflict between Faith and Science which had disturbed sensitive souls like Matthew Arnold was now resolved – mostly in favor of Science, but in a few cases, in favor of Faith. Formerly, even agnostics like T.H. Huxley had to take notice of religion, even if only 10 criticize it. But now the attitude became one of indifference rather than of criticism or active acceptance.