Short notes on Ochre Colored Pottery (OCP)


In 1950, a new pottery type was discovered during excavations at Bisauli (Badaun) and Rajpur Pursu (Bijnor) in Uttar Pradesh, both of them being copper hoard sites.

OCP Culture

The OCP culture flourished between 2000 BC and 1500 BC in a long stretch of area from Mayapur in the Saharanpur district of Uttar Pradesh to Saipai in Etawah district. This pottery is one medium grained clay and under fired and has a wash of ochre orange to red in color and is inclined to rub off. The sites have yielded mainly objects of pottery including jars, flasks, bowls, pots, basins, terracotta bangles, animal figurines, beads of carnelian and cart wheels stone queens and pestles. Rice, barley, gram and kesari were probably grown. Study suggests that the OCP pottery was a degenerated form of the late- Harappan pottery style.

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