The suspension of the non-cooperation movement was followed by increased revolutionary activities. In Uttar Pradesh, an all-India organisation was set up under the name of ‘Hindustan Republican Association’.
The activists looted the train carrying government treasury near Kakori railway in Uttar Pradesh. This was known as the Kakori conspiracy case in which some activists were arrested and sentenced to death. Chandra Shekhar Azad managed to escape.
On April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh and B.K. Dutt exploded two bombs on the floor of the Central Assembly and also threw leaflets. They made no attempt to escape. Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were sentenced to death, while Jatin Das died in jail after keeping a fast for many days. Chandra Shekhar Azad was also killed in an encounter with the police. These revolutionaries were nationalists and laid down their lives for their motherland.