8 essential objectives of management techniques mentioned by M. f. Clay:
M. f. Clay mentions the following eight objectives which various management techniques attempt to achieve.
1. Detection (To find out or discovering something, e.g., what is happening or what is wrong?):
We can include such techniques here as Input-output Analysis, Attitude Survey, Production Study, Activity, Sampling, Critical Examination, Break-even Analysis.
2. Evaluation (To measure or estimate the value of an item):
We can include such techniques here as Job Evaluation, Work Measurement, Work Estimation, Performance Appraisal, Cost Benefit Analysis.
3. Improvement (To improve performance):
We can include such techniques here as Management by Objectives, Method Study, Value Analysis, etc.
4. Optimization (To optimize performance):
We can include such techniques here as Linear Programming, Ergonomics, Operations Research etc.
5. Specification (To specify a desired value or situation or action):
Here we can include such techniques as strategic Planning Office and Plant Layout, Designing etc.
Here we can include such techniques as Cost Control, Credit Control Labour Control, Inventory Control, Production Control, Budget Control, etc.
7. Communication (To communicate information):
Here we can include such techniques as Incentive Schemes, Visual Aids, Suggestion Schemes, Report Writing, Communication Theory, Information Theory, Management Information, etc.
8. Demonstration (To demonstrate something):
Here we can include such techniques as Programmed Learning, Job Instruction, Management Development and Training etc.
This achievement criterion tells us that these techniques can help us in discovering or finding something in evaluating the performance, in improving the performance, in optimizing the performance, in specifying a desired value or a situation, in controlling a variable in communication or in demonstration.