What were the natures of the Jagirdari System of Mughals?


As stated earlier the Mansabdars of the Mughal Empire received their pay in cash (naqd) or in the assignments of areas of land. The assignments were ‘known as jagirs and the assignees as Jagir- dars. Jagirs were usually granted to the mansab­dars and the governing class of the empire.

Whenever a person was assigned a jagir, the par-ganas or villages assigned to him were such as bore a jamadami in the imperial register exactly equal to his pay. The particular jagir was not usually held by the same person for more than three or four years.

But the hereditary zamindars were granted jagirs in their homelands which were four years. But the hereditary zamindars were granted jagirs in their homelands which were known as walan- jagirs. Non-zamindars did not usually hold any watan-jagirs.


The jagirdar was entitled to collect from his jagir the land revenue and various cesses and petty taxes due to the state. The jagirdars had to employ their own agents to collect the revenue and taxes within the jagir.

During the later years of Aurangzeb’s reign, due to the increase in the num­ber of mansabdars and limited availability of land, administrative and financial dislocation of the em­pire caused a crisis in the jagirdari system.

People appointed to mansabs found it very difficult to get jagirs and a wit said at the court that a boy man­sabdar, newly appointed, would have turned grey before he could obtain his jagir.

After a person had been granted a jagir, there was no certainty that it would not be transferred to someone else. Soon jagir assignments by the Mughal court became mere paper orders, and a large number of persons who were granted mansabs never got jagirs. The jagirdari system was one of the important factors responsible for the agrarian crisis in the Mughal Empire.

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