What were the Differences between the Rajput Policy and Afghan Policy?

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It is interesting to compare the Rajput policy of Akbar with his treatment of the Afghans. Akbar was not in favour of putting to an end to the ruler families of the Rajputs and an attempt was made to convert them into subordinate allies. Whenever a particular Rajput revolted or refuse to submit, he was superseded by another member of his family who was friendly towards the Mughal Empire.

However, Akbar was more stiff towards the Afghans. It was only a rare occasion that he allowed an Afghan prince to remain as a vassal. In Malwa, Bihar, Bengal and Orissa, the ruling Afghan families were deposed and their territories were annexed to the Mughal empire. The Afghan nobles were induced to submit by offering them high offices and Jagirs.

The question has been asked as to why A’kbar followed such a policy. The answer given is that the Rajputs were true to their word and if they once submitted they regarded rebellion or treachery as unworthy of their honour and family pride. On the other hand, the Afghans were selfish and could not be trusted with regard to their conduct in the future.

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They were liable to revolt at any time. Moreover, the Afghans had once possessed large territories from which they were dispossessed by the Mughals and it was difficult for them to be sincerely loyal to those who had dipossessed them. The Afghan policy of Akbar was bound to be different from that of his Rajput policy on account of the circumstances.

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