What was the Mughal Encroachments regarding Chand Bibi?

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Even this tragedy did not open the eyes of the group leaders who continued their little struggle for power unabated. Miyan Manju, the Peshwa, declared Ahmad as the king while Chand Bibi, widow of Ali Adil Shah, who had come from Ahmadnagar on the death of her brother, Ibrahim, pressed for the claim of the only surviving son of her brother Bahadur as the King.

Ikhlas Khan made up with Miyan Manju for a time, imprisoned Bahadur and kept a strict watch over Chand Bibi. But Miyan Manju soon deserted him on hearing the news that Ahmad did not belong to Nizam Shahi family.

He got a boy of Bahadur’s age and declared him as king. Miyan Manju took refuge in the fort of Ahmadnagar fort and sent letters to Prince Murad, son of the Mughal Emperor Akbar, asking for his help. Murad at once left for Deccan with Raja Ali Khan and Abdur Rahim Khan Khan-i-Khanan.

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Miyan Manju meanwhile defeated Ikhlas Khan and brought the situation under control. He had now to face the Mughals whom he had invited. Unable to offers resistance, he handed over the government to Chand Bibi. With exemplary courage and determination, Chand Bibi fought the Mughals single-handed.

Neither Miyan Manju nor Ikhlas Khan came to her rescue in this hour of trial. But as the siege of Ahmadnagar continued and the besieged Chand Bibi did not show any sign of surrender, the other Deccani rulers including Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah, Ibrahim Adil Shah II and Abhang Khan responded to her appeal for help and succour.

Miyan Manju and Ikhlas Khan too came forward to help her. Prince Murad felt disheartened at the news. He did not see any hope of capturing the fort and in despair ordered the mines to be laid. A breach in the wall was affected but it was repaired by the gallant Sultana during the course of the night.

Mughal army was running short of provisions and the condition of the people in the fort was also no better. Both sides, therefore, agreed to terminate the war. A peace treaty was eventually signed which recognized the suzerainty of the Mughals and cession of Berar by Ahmadnagar (March 1596).

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