Useful notes on the Subjugation of Warangal & Mabar

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Prataparudra’s defeat and death did not lead to the subjugation of the entire Telingana as assumed by many historians. A study of the contemporary sources reveals the fact that stiff resistance was offered by some of the chieftains, the most important of whom was Kumara Ramanatha, the brave son of Kampili Raya, the ruler of Kumata.

There were also some battles between Ulugh Khan’s forces and the chieftains of the territories along the coast of the Bay of Bengal. They were defeated. Ulugh Khan, however, followed a conciliatory policy and allowed the chiefs to retain their territories on payment of a suitable tribute to the Sultan of Delhi.

Mabar had been invaded, sacked and plundered by the Khalji sultans but it could not be subdued or conquered. After the capture of Warangal in A.D. 1323, Ulugh Khan led an expedition to Mabar. The Imperial forces were victorious; the king of Madurai was captured and sent to Delhi.

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The name of this chief, according to Pandya records, was Parakrama. His rule extended over Tinnevelly, Madura, Ramnad and Tanjore districts. Ulugh Khan now made provisinal arrangements for the administration of the newly acquired territories. The kingdom of Telingana was divided into several administrative units. He retained the services of some of the earlier ministers of these states.

He also changed the name of Warangal to Sultanpur. He now turned his attention to the Raja of Orissa, Bhanudeva II who was said to have helped the king of Warangal in his wars against Imperial forces.

He captured Rajahmundry on the Godavari where he built a mosque to commemorate his victory (1324 A.D.) Bhanudeva collected his forces which consisted of 40,000 foot, 500 horses and a large number of elephants and reached the frontier where a fierce battle was fought. Bhanudeva was defeated and his capital plundered.

Ulugh Khan did not pursue his conquests further and returned to Warangal. He was soon recalled to Delhi to take charge of the administration of the state during the absence of the Sultan in Bengal. Meanwhile, Ghiyas-ud-din died due to the tumbling down of the wooden palace which had been hastily constructed by Ulugh Khan to receive him.

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