Short essay on Leadership in Business Management

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A manager for directing the people working under him, has to be a leader. When a manager is a leader, he is in a position to lead subordinates and also inspire them to accomplish the objectives of the enterprise. A good manager motivates his subordinates, achieves maximum co-operation and also co-ordinates the activities of the employees. A leader may or may not be a manager but a manager must be a leader.

Definitions

1. Louis Allen: “A leader is one who guides and directs other people. A leader gives the efforts of his followers a direction and purpose by influencing their behaviour.”

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2. Koontz and O’Donnell: “leadership is the ability of a manager to induce subordinate to work with zeal and confidence”

3. Alford and Beatty: “Leadership is the ability to secure desirable actions from a group of followers voluntarily without the use of coercion or force”.

Characteristics of Leadership

1. Leadership is the process of influence exercised by the leader on members of a group.

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2. Leadership presupposes the existence of a group of followers.

3. Leadership is a personal quality of an executive who imaginatively directs, guides and influences the work of others in attracting specified goals.

4. Leadership style may differ form situation to situation.

5. A good leader acts as a representative of his group.

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6. Leadership is the ability to persuade others and motivate them to work for achieving certain goals.

Function of leadership

1. Leading the group.

2. Guiding and motivating subordinates.

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3. Understanding subordinates and securing their co-operation.

4. Establishing community interests.

5. Developing team spirit.

6. Representing the undertaking.

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7. Justifying actions.

8. Building confidence.

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