Essay on Disadvantages of Dictatorship

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1. Abolition of fundamental rights:

Dictatorship may deal with emergencies and critical situations effectively, but this form of government can not suit normal times. No one is really good enough to be entrusted with absolute or irresponsible power. Power corrupts a man and absolute power corrupts absolutely. It is a lesson of history that dictatorship generally assumes the form of a reign of terror. Mussolini in Italy and Hitler in Germany ruthlessly suppressed the civil liberties and other rights of the people. Force and fear were the foundations of their rule.

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2. Unstable form of government

Dictatorship by its very nature is not a stable form of government. What is created by force can not last long. After some years, it brings about its end by excess or misdeeds, as in Germany and Italy. Besides, there is no guarantee that a good dictator will have a good successor. A dictator can not encourage the rise of leaders lest they should later prove serious rivals to him. When he dies or is assassinated, there are no capable persons to take his place. The structure may, therefore, crumble down at any moment.

3. Enemy of international peace

Dictatorship is an enemy of international peace. Dictators almost start on a mad career of military conquests and territorial expansion, which results in war. Dictatorship means the crushing of individual liberty and the suppression of human personality, violence at home and unashamed aggression abroad. On the other hand, democracy loves peace because it is based on peoples consent.

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4. Force and violence:

In dictatorship, decisions are made by force and violence. Dictatorship demands obedience. Dictatorship forces conformity and uniformity of opinion among people. Disagreement with the government is regarded as a sin in dictatorship and suppressed without mercy. Dictatorship crushes opposition and forbids criticism of the government because they are believed to destroy the unity of the state and hinder its progress.

5. Dictatorship leads to apathy in public life:

As no opposition and criticism of the government is permitted or tolerated under the dictatorship, the people become indifferent and apathetic to the affairs of the state. In dictatorship people are asked not to think but to obey the leader and follow him blindly to wherever he leads them. Dictator destroys the possibility of developing human personality, learning, literature and art.

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6. Fascist dictatorship spreads war and aggression:

Fascist dictatorship is openly revenge-seeking, aggressive imperialistic and hostile towards other nations. It is born with a sword in its hands and prepares feverishly for war and conquest. The fascist dictator hates peace and friendship among nations of the world and ridicules and scorns the ideals of human brotherhood and love. Fascism and Nazism believe in race superiority and racialism.

By

Nawazish Ali

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Email: nsanpal-at-yahoo.com

 

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