What are the factors in school which influence student’s adjustment?

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The getting along with the members of the society as best as one can, is called adjustment. These are following school related factors which influence student’s adjustment.

1. Classroom climate:

Classroom climate influences students’ adjustment very much. If classroom climate is democratic, affectionate and cooperative then we can expect that students would adjust themselves sufficiently.

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2. Evaluation system of school:

If school has supportive and encouraging evaluation system, if school has validity and objectivity in evaluation then it can influence student’s adjustment positively.

3. Proper training of teachers:

If the teachers of school are well trained in educational psychology, they can help students in making proper adjustment in school. We can see that personality and democratic attitude of teacher influence student’s adjustment positively.

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4. Proper relationships between administrations:

There should be a proper relationships between teachers and teachers, principal and teachers. It can produce a positive influence on student’s adjustment.

5. Adequate curriculum:

The curriculum of school also influences student’s adjustment. If the curriculum of school is need based and planned psychologically then students can adjust themselves effectively.

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6. Adequate recreational facilities:

If students are provided essential and enough opportunity to take part in recreational activities according to their interest, needs and ability then they can adjust themselves positively.

So we should organize various co-curricular activities as games and sports, cultural activities, literal activities, field visits etc.

Besides this, the following measures can also help students in adjusting to the school environment:

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(1) The school environment should be free from partially and should provide the feeling of security in students, irrespective of their socio-economic status.

(2) School environment should be democratic. Students’ representation on various committees should be made.

(3) School should organize various curricular activities for students.

(4) Teachers should know the fundamental principles of human behaviour to solve students’ problems. They must be emotionally stable and have positive attitude towards teaching. They should create conducive school climate.

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(5) Students should be encouraged to express their views and feelings on various issues related to school freely.

(6) Teachers should develop a variety of interests in students so that they can satisfy their emotions.

(7) Day-to-day problems can be discussed in class.

(8) Sex and moral education should be an integral part of the school curriculum.

(9) School can organize guidance services for students.

(10) There should be flexibility in school activities to accommodate the individual needs of the students.

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