On the basis of the above definitions of constitution, the main features of constitutions are stated below.
1. The constitution is the foundation of the rule of state.
2. The constitution is the embodiment of the fundamental laws. This is the doc of the rule of a state.
3. The constitution describes the powers and functions of different org government and the relations among these organs.
4. It states on the one side the powers and duties of the government and, on the rights and duties of citizens.
5. It connects the ruler to the ruled, and vice versa.
The Functions and Importance of constitution
The functions and importance of constitutions are discussed below.
1. Indispensable for Administration:
Constitution is indispensable f administration of state. Administration would not be smooth, fair and efficient in the absence of a constitution. The constitution is a record of the state providing for rule of law.
2. Empowerment of state:
The constitution gives powers and strength to the state and government.
3. Establishment of values and Ideals:
Every constitution aims at establishing values and ideals. These ideals may include democracy, freedom or liberty, welfare people, equality and justice.
The ideas, values and goals of a constitution may be stated clearly or impliedly, of the goals of India is establishment of socialism. This has been clearly stated in preamble of the constitution. The interests of rich Americans have been protected b American constitution.
4. Shows Path and Direction to Government:
The constitution is blue print governance. It is the duty of government to follow this blue print. The constitution shows direction to the government. The government is likely to reach its goal if it proceeds in that direction. The constitution advises the government to avoid disputes, and also to disputes.
5. Makes Government Stable and Disciplined:
If the different organs of govern perform their functions according to the provisions of the constitution, the government will be effective and stable. The constitution has also fixed the limits of powers of to organs of government. They cannot cross these limits. As a result of this, there prevails discipline in the government. .
6. Gives Rights to Citizens and Makes Them Duty-bound:
The constitution gives valuable rights to citizens, such as, political, economic, social and cultural rights. In no times, the government cannot withdraw these rights from citizens. So long as the citizens enjoy these rights, the government cannot be authoritarian or dictatorial.
Citizens, while enjoying their rights, are also required to discharge some duties, should remain loyal to their sovereign state and respect the rights of other citizens of country. The constitution injects a sense of discipline in the citizen.
7. Lends Legitimacy to State/Government:
The constitution, while giving powers to the state/government and determining their functions, (ends legitimacy to their functions and decisions. In the absence of a constitution, no state will get respect from other states and even from its own citizens.
8. Establishes Linkage between State/Government and Citizens:
The state and citizen, unless related and linked to each other, will lose then identity. Any ambiguity or trouble in their bilateral relations will cause damage to both the state and citizen. The constitution determines the nature of relations between them.