The CPI is considered as right faction while the CPI (M) as left faction of the communism in India.
The CPM was linked with China and the Marxists were viewed as pro-peeking while the CPI was considered as pro-soviets.
For the CPI India’s independence was a historic event and India was now on the path of independent development for the CPM the transfer of power was only a ‘settlement’ between British imperialism and congress and what had happened since was the efforts of the Indian bourgeoisie to establish a compromise with feudalism and imperialisation at the expense of the people.
The CPI’s slogan was the establishment of national democracy, the CPM slogan was people’s democracy. The CPI emphasized national identity while the CPM tended to underline regional identity; and the CPI saw the proletariat as the principal force of revolution any change while the CPI (M) accorded an important place to the peasantry.
The CPI consistently supported Indira Gandhi and her govt, while the CPM considered the congress (I) politically “untouchable”.