(1) Wrong Attitude:
All the while more respect has been paid to the intellectual activity than physical labour. On the basis of work or labour, the caste system has been built in India. The roots of division of labour based on thousands of years of caste system have gone deep into our society. The people engaged in handicrafts and other physical works for earning their bread are not looked with respect.
So this problem is not that easy to solve. The youth force in the country should be given education to change attitude towards work and physical labour. Good earning potentiality of various vocations can also help changing attitude of the modern youths.
(2) Dearth of Institutions:
All technical and vocational institutions established after Independence cannot be said to be adequate. The youth of the country with aims of receiving technical education can hope for a bright future; but such institutions are very few in considerations to such a huge population.
This problem can be solved with establishment of more such institutions for imparting technical and vocational education at all stages. So the Government at the Centre as well as in the states should provide for more institutions to cope with the increasing demand.
(3) Narrow Curriculum:
In Technical and Vocational Institutions there are provisions for only technical subjects. There is no place for liberal education. So with their technical knowledge the youngmen are not able to acquire knowledge of human relations and social objectives of productions. So it is needed that curricula of technical and vocational education should be broadened with general and liberal education.
(4) Unsuitable Medium of Instruction:
In almost all technical institutions of modern India, English is the medium of instruction. The students who have passed through medium of Hindi or other Regional Languages find it very difficult to receive technical and vocational education in English.
Such students are disappointed and leave vocational and technical institutions after a term of stagnation. So, this sort of frustration also brings about a loss of money, time and energy.
(5) Dearth of Teachers:
Meritorious and able persons having received technical and vocational education are always after fat salaries and other material gains. They are not after teachership. Besides, sufficient respect is not accorded to teachers in society.
Consequently, such institutions are deprived of able and talented persons Government can solve this problem in attracting talented persons to be teachers in technical and vocational institutions. Teachers should be given decent pay packets and the society should respect these builders of men.
(6) Lack of continuation education:
Young persons complete the technical and vocational education and get employed. In the beginning they are with full of knowledge, but in course of time they forget many things. This brings lack of efficiency in their work. Part-time instructions should be provided to such persons employed in jobs in order to improve quality of work.
Refresher Courses may be organized with a view to acquainting these in service people with the recent development of knowledge in the field of Science and Technology.
(7) Lack of Practicals:
Mere theoretical knowledge will not suffice for successful candidates to go for establishing small workshops and small industries.- So a practical training should be properly organized and young enterprisers need be given Practical knowledge of starting industries and setting up business firms.