Any system having one or more predetermined aims, rigorously coordinated and simulated by different factors that constitute the system, resulting in easy and smooth functioning of that system, is called an organization. The need of an organization is felt in all aspects of our social and national life. In that way, the role of organization is most significant in the school system.
The importance of school is increasing with the advancement of human civilization. School is the epitome of society. It is the nerve-centre of the educational process. The school not only transmits the cultural heritage to the rising generation, it also trains children in a manner that they enrich and modify that heritage through their own efforts and thus helps in the establishment of a better and happier society.
School is a social institution. Prof. K.G. Saidan said, “The people’s school must be obviously based on the people’s needs and problems. Its curriculum should be an epitome of their life. Its method of work must approximate to their needs and it should reflect all that is significant and characteristic in the life of the community in its natural setting.”
Equal chances for all irrespective of caste, color and religion is the principle of democracy. Therefore, to fulfill this objective, school must be made a society in miniature. The following are the basic principles on which a school organization must be based:
For the fulfillment of the goals of education, the school organization must be guided by the following principles:
(1) Principle of Child-Centeredness:
The school develops the whole personality of the child i.e. physically, intellectually, morally, socially, aesthetically and spiritually. It is the place where the talents, capacities, abilities, urges, aspirations, ambitions of the students are best utilized. Therefore, it is necessary that all children must utilize their inner capacities. It can be possible by best organizing the various elements of school organization i.e. library, playground, teaching staff, building, etc.
(2) The Principle of Society:
Society and education are interrelated. They are like the two sides of the same coin. It is from the school that the child learns how to adjust himself in the society and how to cope with the society and how to cope with the different problems that arise in life.
(3) Democratic Principle:
According to this principle, it is imperative to take care of education of all the people of our country. The democratic principle of a school organization means providing equal educational opportunities to all children irrespective of their caste, color, creed and religion.
(4) Principle of Flexibility:
The aim of school education is the development and progress of the society. Therefore, the system of education must change according to the changing needs and aspirations of society. It implies that all children can receive education as per the needs and demands of the changing society.