Education and Psychology are correlated subjects. Psychology is a broader area in which education searches to give a practical shape of the psychology findings in the teaching-learning situation. For a detail study of both the subject, we first know the meaning of psychology and education.
The word ‘psychology’ has been derived from two Greek words ‘psyche’ and ‘logos’ which means study of soul. But this meaning was changed into mind, consciousness and behavior.
J. B. Watson, the father of behaviouristic school of psychology, termed psychology as the science of behavior. The meaning of education is modification of behavior for one’s adjustment. When we study the behavior of the child and teacher in the educational situations, for solving educational problems, we take the help of educational psychology.
The role of school is to help in harmonious development of the personality of the child. So it becomes the duty and task of the teacher to guide child according to psychological norms. Therefore, for every teacher study of psychology is an essential item. So we can say that educational psychology is application of psychology and its principles in educational situations.
According to Skinner, “Educational psychology covers to entire range of behavior and personality as related to education.”
There is an inner link between education and psychology.
Relationship between Education and Psychology:
(1) Psychology and aims of education:
The aims of education can be fixed by taking the help of psychology changes of the child. So the needs, interest, aptitude and attitude are the indicators for planning any activity for education.
(2) Psychology and curriculum:
At the time of curriculum planning and construction, proper care should be taken for the development rate of the child. So they are complementary in the process of education.
(3) Psychology and methods:
A teacher has to give instructions through different methods, which should be linked with psychological problems, needs and development of the child.
(4) Psychology and evaluation:
The total process of evaluation and examination should be linked with psychological principles. Questions should be prepared taking the normal development of the children.
(5) Psychology and discipline:
The problems of discipline can be checked through proper psychological techniques. It also helps to check different behavioral problems of the children.
(6) Psychology and administration:
The process of administration should be based on the psychological techniques. In administration, proper care should be given on the basis of individual differences.
(7) Psychology and teacher:
Teacher should be a master of psychology to deal with a complex educational situation. Teaching is an art and so he should know different techniques of psychology in order to solve different problems of the children.
(8) Psychology and timetable, textbook preparation:
On the basis of psychological process the curriculum workers, teachers, administrators prepare suitable timetable according to the interest, time, suitability, local condition of the learners. Similarly while preparing textbooks he must consider the value of psychological needs, capacities and development of the learner.
Therefore, both psychology and education have close link with each other. Pestalozzi also said that, psychologies education. Every teacher should learn the child psychology before teaching.