4 Additional Features for Class-II Preparation


4 Additional Features for Class-II Preparation

CL-II tooth restoration may displace four ways.

1. Proximal displacement of entire restoration


When force is applied obliquely to the tooth, it has two components.

i. Horizontal component (H)

ii. Vertical component (V)

Vertical component will seat restoration into the tooth but horizontal component will tend to rotate the restoration proximally at gingival cave surface margin.


This is prevented by facial and lingual retention grooves and occlusal dovetail.

2. Proximal displacement of proximal portion

If restoration is considered as being L-shaped, long arm will remain occlusally and short arm remains proximally.

When the long arm is loaded by vertical force (v), it will seat the restoration more into the pulpal floor will change the location as indicated by dotted line in.


The short arm of L will move proximally which is prevented by facial, lingual and/or gingival grooves.

3. Lateral rotation around hemispherical floor

Lateral rotation is prevented by definite line angles, point angles and ledges.

4. Occlusal displacement


It is prevented by directing occlusal force in such a way that it will seat the restoration

These four displacements are repeated thousands of times per day and to counteract these movements all parts of the cavity preparation should be self-retaining.

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