What is the Merit behind Problem-Solving?

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It is a psychological rather than a merely logical procedure, it has the following merits:

(i) It helps in unit learning by correlating, using and integrat¬≠ing student’s knowledge and experience.

(ii) It increases the amount of experience or experiences of the students.

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(iii) It takes into consideration the individual differences of the students.

(iv) It helps students to learn facts more meaningfully.

(v) It brings students to touch with life-like activities.

(vi) It enables students to think and reason.

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(vii) It arouses the interest by stimulating students’ urge from within.

Limitations of Problem-Solving Method

The scope of the method is limited in accordance with the needs of the students. The needs of the students are as follows:

(i) Ability of the students.

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(ii) Experimental background.

(iii) Personal interest of the students.

(iv) Social attitudes of the students.

(v) Training of students.

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Project Method

Project method is a natural, whole hearted problem solving and purposeful activity carried to completion by students in a social envi­ronment under the guidance of their teacher.

Some of the definitions of this method given by Educationists are as follows:

A project is a bit of real life that has been imported in school.

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-Ballard

The problem is a project which results in doing. The motor element is not what makes the activity a project, but the problem- solving of a practical nature accompanying the activity.

-Burton

A project is a problematic act carried to completion is its natural setting.

-J. A. Stevenson

Project is a unit of educative work in which the most prominent feature is some form of positive and concrete achievement.

-Snedden

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